Article 1: Status and Organization of the Arbitration Court
(1) The East Transnational Arbitration Court, hereinafter referred to as the Arbitration
Court, is a permanent arbitration court operating in accordance with the Rules of
Procedure of the Arbitration Court and Arbitration Law as well as other laws and
international agreements effective in the Republic of Latvia and applicable to the
(2) The founder of the Arbitration Court is the Association for Legal Awareness, Reg. No.
40008188051, hereinafter referred to as the Founder. The Arbitration Court was
established on 27 February 2012. The Arbitration Court settles international and local
disputes of the commercial and other character. The Internet address for the Arbitration
Court's website is http://www.arbcourt.lv/.
(3) The Arbitration Court operations are administered by the Chairman of the Arbitration
Court performing its duties under the Rules of Procedure of the Arbitration Court in
order to arrange arbitration proceedings, to supervise and ensure formation of an
arbitration panel and its operation. The Chairman of the Arbitration Court does not
engage in settling the disputes except for cases where appointed to the arbitration panel.
(4) The Chairman of the Arbitration Court is appointed by the Executive Board of the
Founder according to its established appointment term and order.
(5) The Arbitration Court shall resolve any civil legal disputes, provided that the parties have
voluntarily agreed upon and concluded an arbitration agreement, except for the following
a) the adjudication of which may infringe the rights of such person who is not a party to the
b) where at least one of the parties is a State or local government authority, or an award
regarding which by the court of arbitration may infringe the rights of the State or local
c) related to entries made in the Civil Records Register;
d) on the rights and obligations, or interests protected by law, of such persons who are
under guardianship or trusteeship;
e) over the establishment, alteration or termination of property rights in regard to
immovable property, if a party to the dispute is a person whose rights to acquire the
immovable property for ownership, possession or use are restricted by law;
f) regarding the eviction of natural persons from residential premises;
g) between an employee and an employer, provided that the dispute has arisen due to
concluding, amending, terminating or fulfilling an employment contract, or due to
applying or interpreting legal norms, or the provisions of a collective agreement or work
procedure regulations (individual employment relations dispute);
h) regarding the rights and obligations of persons who have been declared insolvent.
(6) The Arbitration Court shall not adjudicate any disputes related to matters to be examined
under special forms of procedure.
Article 2: Arbitration Court Agreement
(1) An arbitration agreement is an agreement entered into between the parties in order to
refer a civil legal dispute for resolution by a court of arbitration. An arbitration
agreement may be entered into by any natural person with the capacity to act, a legal
person governed by private law, or a legal person governed by public law in the private
law area. The parties may agree to refer for resolution by a court of arbitration a civil
legal dispute which has already arisen or may arise in future.
(2) An arbitration court agreement may be entered into both as a separate written agreement
and as a separate provision included in a written agreement concluded between parties
(an arbitration clause). Such agreement, which has been entered into by exchange of
items sent via post or by means of electronic communication by the parties and ensuring
that the intent of both parties to refer an existing or possible civil legal dispute for
resolution to a court of arbitration is recorded with a safe electronic signature, shall also
be considered an agreement in writing.
(3) When a plaintiff files a claim to the Arbitration Court attaching an arbitration court
agreement where no particular name of an arbitration court is indicated, a dispute is
subject to resolution by the Arbitration Court where the agreement of parties is certain to
provide the dispute is referred to an arbitration court on a plaintiff’s choice or a
defendant agrees to refer the dispute to the Arbitration Court as well as if the agreement
between parties does not include explicit conditions which do not allow the dispute to be
referred to the Arbitration Court.
(4) Persons who have entered into an arbitration court agreement do not have the right to
withdraw therefrom unless the arbitration court agreement has been amended or
rescinded pursuant to the procedures stipulated by law or by the agreement. If an
arbitration court agreement is concluded as a separate provision in a written contract
concluded between parties (an arbitration clause), such provision shall be regarded as an
independent agreement and this agreement to refer a dispute for resolution to an
arbitration court shall remain in effect even when the contract, in which it is included,
has expired or is declared null and void.
(5) Where a party has died (a natural person) or ceased to exist (a legal person), this does not
terminate the arbitration court agreement as long as it is not otherwise agreed to by the
parties and the disputed legal relations allow the taking over of rights.
Article 3: Terms
The arbitration panel or, if an arbitration panel is not yet appointed, the Chairman of
the Arbitration Court, shall determine the procedural deadlines, and the procedures
for the extension or renewal thereof, within the limits of the deadlines laid down in
law or by these Rules of the Procedure.
Article 4: Correspondence
(1) All notifications, applications or other forms of correspondence are to be sent by
registered mail or electronic mail, provided that the party has notified the Arbitration
Court that he or she agrees to use electronic mail for correspondence with the Arbitration
Court, or shall be delivered to the addressee personally to be signed.
(2) Correspondence is considered to be received when it is delivered to the addressee
personally or by registered mail to the mailing address or to electronic mail address
indicated by the addressee, or to the legal address of a legal person, or to the declared
place of residence of a natural person.
Article 5: Representation and Absence of a Party
(1) Natural persons conduct their matters themselves or through their authorized
representatives. Matters of legal persons shall be conducted in an arbitration court by
their officials acting within the scope of the authorization conferred pursuant to law,
articles of association or by-law, or by other authorized representatives of legal persons.
(2) If a party, without justified cause, fails to attend a court of arbitration sitting or to submit
documentary evidence, the arbitration panel shall continue arbitration proceedings and
resolve the civil legal dispute on the basis of the evidence at its disposal.
Article 6: Procedure of Arbitration Court Proceedings and Jurisdiction
(1) The parties are entitled to freely determine the procedures for arbitration proceedings
within the framework of the law. The arbitration proceedings shall be organised
according to the rules of procedure of the permanent court of arbitration unless the
parties have agreed upon other procedures for arbitration proceedings in an arbitration
agreement, insofar as it is allowed by the rules of procedure of the Arbitration Court.
(2) The arbitration panel may decide on a matter concerning the jurisdiction over a dispute at
any stage of the arbitration proceedings.
(3) An application regarding the fact that a civil legal dispute is not subject to court of
arbitration may be submitted by a party until the term for submission of a reference
Article 7: Place for and Language of Arbitration Court Proceedings
(1) The arbitration panel has the right to freely determine the location of arbitration
proceedings, taking into account efficiency considerations, if it has not been agreed upon
by the parties.
(2) The parties have the right to agree on the language of arbitration proceedings. If the
parties have not agreed thereon, the language of the arbitration proceedings shall be
Latvian, nevertheless an arbitration panel has the right to determine other language as the
arbitration proceedings language. An arbitration panel may require from parties a
translation of any documentary evidence into the language, in which the arbitration
proceedings are conducted.
Article 8: Confidentiality of Proceedings
(1) Arbitration proceedings shall be confidential, unless the parties have agreed otherwise.
Court of arbitration sittings shall be closed, and the arbitration panel shall not disclose to
any third parties or publish the information concerning the arbitration proceedings,
unless the parties have agreed otherwise. Persons who are not parties to the arbitration
proceedings may only be present at an arbitration court sitting with the parties' consent.
(2) Information regarding arbitration proceedings shall be provided to persons entitled to
receive such information for the performance of functions laid down in the law.
Article 9: Evidence
(1) Parties shall prove the circumstances to which they refer. The admissibility and
eligibility of evidence shall be determined by an arbitration panel. No evidence shall
have any predetermined effect as would be binding upon the arbitration panel. An
arbitration panel shall set out in the reasoned part of the judgment made by it as to why it
has given preference to one body of evidence in comparison to another, and why it has
found certain facts as proven, and others as not proven. An arbitration panel is entitled to
request parties to submit additional evidence.
(2) Any natural person may be invited as a witness, inter alia an expert as a witness, by
parties or by arbitrators notwithstanding relationship of this person with any of the
parties. In written proceedings testimonies are given in the form of written elucidations
the truth of which is testified by the witness’s signature. Arbitrators may also accept
written testimonies designated in the said form in other occasions on the basis of
reasonable considerations for instance but not only, when a witness is not able to appear
in a sitting examining a matter or the appearance of the witness in the sitting entails extra
expenses in considerable amount, or when there is a risk to considerably prolong the
arbitration court proceedings exists.
(3) Documents shall be submitted in the form of an original or in the form of a duly certified
true copy, copy, or extract. If a party submits a true copy, copy or extract of a document,
an arbitration panel may itself, or upon request of the other party, require that the original
document be submitted. The arbitration panel shall return the original document to the
person who submitted it, upon request of this person, adding a duly certified true copy,
copy or extract of the document to the materials of the arbitration proceedings.
(4) Arbitration court may request the party to submit documents with copies for each
arbitrator and for other participants of the proceedings as well as to hand out to each
arbitrator and the other party the summary of evidence on which the party is to base its
claims or objections in the time period provided by the Arbitration Court.
(5) Evidentiary means in a court of arbitration may consist of explanations of the parties,
documentary evidence (written documents, audio recordings, video recordings,
electronic data carriers, digital video discs, etc.), real evidence, and expert opinions.
(6) An arbitration panel is entitled to request, upon substantiated request from a party, that
documentary evidence in the possession of the other party be submitted. The party
requesting the arbitration panel to request documentary evidence shall describe such
evidence and provide reasons for presuming that the evidence is in the possession of the
other party. If a party refuses to submit the documentary evidence requested by the
arbitration panel within the time period provided by it, without denying that the party
possesses such evidence, the arbitration panel may admit as proven the facts, which the
opposite party sought to prove by referring to such documentary evidence.
Article 10: Expert-examination
(1) An arbitration court, at the request of a party submitted before an award on a case is
passed, may order an expert-examination inviting one or several experts. The party shall
justify its request accordingly and shall indicate particular questions that need to be an-
swered by ordering the expert-examination. An expert-examination may be ordered only
when a party has paid the expenses of the expert-examination in advance.
(2) Parties pursuant to the requirement of the arbitration court shall submit necessary
information, documents; present any articles for inspection to an expert as they are
requested. Parties are authorized to get acquainted with an expert opinion after it is
received at the Arbitration Court. Where a dispute is examined in oral hearings, an
expert, pursuant to the request of any party, may be summoned to a sitting of an
arbitration court to provide explanations and answer the questions.
4Article 11: Rights to Object
When a party has failed to submit written objections to an arbitration court immediately
after it has come to its knowledge that any of the provisions of the arbitration court
procedure has been breached or has not been complied with, it shall be deemed that the
party has waived its right to raise such objections, except for cases where the party has
not raised such objections due to reasons beyond its control.
Initiation of the Arbitration Court Proceedings
Article 12: Initiation of the Arbitration Court Proceedings on a Case
(1) The arbitration proceedings are to begin when a statement of claim is submitted to the
Arbitration Court. The statement of claim shall be submitted in writing. The statement of
claim is attached by as many true copies as there are participants in the matter.
(2) If a statement of claim and documents attached to it are in accordance with the Rules of
Procedure, the Chairman of the Arbitration Court immediately sends a notification on the
initiation of the arbitration proceedings and a true copy of the statement of claim to the
defendant offering to submit a written response to the claim according to Article 14
hereof and also to name the arbitrator it has chosen, where the dispute shall be resolved
by an arbitration panel consisting of three or more arbitrators, or agree upon the
arbitrator with the plaintiff, where the dispute is to be resolved by a sole arbitrator, if
only the parties have not agreed upon different procedure to appoint arbitrators.
Article 13: Statement of Claim
(1) A statement of claim shall include:
a) the given name, surname, personal identity number, declared place of residence, but if
none, the place of residence, of a plaintiff; for a legal person — the name, registration
number and registered office. The plaintiff may indicate his or her telephone number or
electronic mail address, if he or she agrees to use telephone or electronic mail for
correspondence with the court of arbitration;
b) the given name, surname, personal identity number, declared place of residence and
additional address indicated in the declaration, but if none, the place of residence of the
defendant; for a legal person — the name, registration number and registered office. The
personal identity number or registration number of the respondent shall be included, if
such is known;
c) if the action is brought by a representative — the given name, surname, personal identity
number and address for correspondence with the court of arbitration of a plaintiff; for a
legal person — the name, registration number and registered office;
d) in claims for the recovery of monetary amounts — the name of the credit institution and
account number, to which payment is to be made, if any;
e) the claim subject, sum of the claim, the calculation of sum of the claim;
f) the grounds for the claim and evidence proving it;
g) claims raised by the plaintiff;
h) a list of attached documents;
i) an arbitrator it has chosen, where the dispute shall be resolved by an arbitration panel
consisting of three or more arbitrators;
j) other information, if such is necessary for the adjudication of the case.
5e) a list of documents attached;
f) the name, surname and place of residence of the arbitrator chosen on behalf of oneself
where parties have agreed on dispute resolution by an arbitration panel of three.
(2) A statement of claim shall be attached by:
a) an arbitration agreement, unless it is included in an agreement, in connection with
which the dispute has arisen;
b) the agreement in relation to which the dispute has arisen;
c) the documents referred to by the plaintiff in the statement of claim;
d) true copies of the statement of claim for other participants of the arbitration
e) the document confirming the payment of costs of the arbitration court procedure –
costs related to an examination of a dispute and arbitrator fees.
(3) Where the statement of claim or the attached documents do not comply with these Rules
of the Procedure the Arbitration Court leaves the statement of claim not proceeded with
and notifies the submitter on this, fixing the date within which shortcomings shall be
improved. Where shortcomings are improved within the fixed date the statement of claim
is deemed to be submitted. Where shortcomings are not improved within the fixed date
the statement of claim is returned (sent) back to the claimant without examination.
Article 14: Response to a Claim
(1) Where the parties have not agreed upon the limit for submitting a response to a claim, the
defendant shall submit a response to a claim to the Arbitration Court within fifteen (15)
days as from the day of sending the statement of claim indicating:
a) whether he or she admits the claim fully or partially;
b) his or her objections to the claim;
c) the circumstances justifying his or her objections, and evidence, which certify his or
d) other circumstances, which he or she considers to be important in the examination of
the civil legal dispute;
e) his or her telephone number or electronic mail address, if he or she agrees to use
telephone or electronic mail for correspondence with the court of arbitration.
(2) A response to a claim shall be submitted to the court of arbitration, appending therewith
as many true copies as there are participants in the matter.
(3) Failure to submit a response to a claim is not an impediment to the adjudicating of a civil
Article 15: Counterclaim
If the parties have not agreed on the procedures for submitting a counterclaim, it is to be
submitted within fifteen (15) days as from the day of sending a statement of claim. The
counterclaim is to be drawn up according to the requirements for the statement of claim.
It is not necessary to attach to the counterclaim such documents that have already been
attached to the statement of claim.
Article 16: Response to a Counterclaim
A response to a counterclaim is to be submitted within fifteen (15) days as from the day
of sending a statement of claim. The response to the counterclaim is to contain
objections, if there are any, and evidence justifying them.
Article 17: Excluded (29.05.2015.)
Establishment of an Arbitration Panel
Article 18: Number of Arbitrators and their Appointment
(1) An arbitration panel is established according to parties’ agreement. The number of
arbitrators shall be comprised of an odd number. If parties have not agreed as to the
number of arbitrators, the arbitration court shall consist of three (3) arbitrators. An
arbitration court may also consist of a sole arbitrator if the parties agree thereto.
(2) Where the parties have agreed a dispute shall be examined by three arbitrators, each
party shall appoint one arbitrator indicated in the statements of claim or the response to
the claim accordingly, who shall agree within five (5) days on the third arbitrator to
operate as the chairperson of the arbitration panel. If the parties have agreed upon a
greater number of arbitrators, each party shall appoint equal number of arbitrators who
shall agree on the chairperson of the arbitration panel. An arbitrator is to be appointed
from the list of arbitrators of the Arbitration Court (Annex 2 hereof).
(3) Where there is a number of claimants and/or defendants in arbitration court proceedings,
they shall on their behalf mutually agree upon joint candidate(-s) for arbitrator(-s) within
the time periods set by these Rules of Procedure.
(4) If a dispute is examined by a sole arbitrator, but the parties has not agreed upon particular
arbitrator until a response to a claim is made or term to give a response to a claim is
expired, it is to be appointed by the Chairman of the Arbitration Court.
(5) Where any party does not appoint an arbitrator on its behalf in circumstances and within
the time periods set hereof or where arbitrators appointed by parties have not agreed on
the chairperson of the arbitration panel, the Chairman of the Arbitration Court is to
appoint the respective arbitrator or chairperson of the arbitration panel within fifteen (15)
days after receiving the response to the claim or the expiry of the term provided for
submitting the response to the claim, or, in circumstances set in paragraph six of this
article, after expiry of the respective term.
(6) Where the mandate of an arbitrator expires before a case is heard, the respective party (-
ies), the parties’ appointed arbitrators (if the mandate of the chairperson of the arbitration
panel expires) shall appoint a substitute arbitrator for his/her replacement according to
the provisions of this article within fifteen (15) days after the expiry of the mandate of
the arbitrator to be replaced.
(7) Where the only arbitrator or all the arbitrators on the arbitration panel are replaced, the
dispute examination is to start from the beginning. Where there are three (3) arbitrators
examining the dispute and any of them is replaced, the matter on whether to start the
dispute examination from the beginning or to continue with the dispute examination is
solved by the newly established arbitration panel.
Article 19: Arbitrator and Impartiality of an Arbitrator
(1) An arbitrator is a natural person appointed to resolve a dispute in accordance with the
provisions of an arbitration court agreement, the Arbitration Law and of these Rules of
the Procedure. Any arbitrator from the list of arbitrators of the Arbitration Court (Annex
2 hereof) may be appointed as an arbitrator. The arbitrators included in the list of
arbitrators meet the requirements of the Sections 14, 15 of the Arbitration Law has
agreed to be on the arbitrator list in writing.
(2) An arbitrator shall perform his/her duties in good faith without being subject to any
influence and is to be independent and objective. The arbitrator is not a representative of
the party by whom he/she is appointed.
(3) A person who is asked to consent to their appointment as an arbitrator must disclose to
the parties any circumstances, which may cause reasonable doubt as to the objectivity
and independence of this person. If such circumstances have arisen or have become
known after initiation of arbitration proceedings, but before completion thereof, the
arbitrator shall disclose them to the parties without delay.
Article 20: Dismissal and Rejection of an Arbitrator
(1) If a party has appointed an arbitrator and the other party has been notified thereof, it may
not dismiss such an arbitrator without the consent of the other party. An arbitrator may be
a) the restrictions referred to in Section 16, Paragraph one of the Arbitration Law
regarding participation of an arbitrator in the adjudication of a matter apply to him or
her and the arbitrator has not recused himself or herself;
b) the arbitrator does not conform to the requirements of the Arbitration Law;
c) the arbitrator does not conform to the requirements agreed upon by the parties;
d) there are other circumstances that cause reasonable doubt as to the objectivity and
independence of the arbitrator.
(2) A party may apply for the removal of an arbitrator within five days from the day, on
which the party has become informed regarding the appointment of the arbitrator, or
becomes informed regarding any of the circumstances referred to in Paragraph one of
this Article, by sending a notice to the court of arbitration specifying the arbitrator that
the party wishes to remove and the grounds for the removal.
(3) A party may reject an arbitrator which it has appointed or in appointment of which it has
participated only when the grounds for rejection has come to this party’s knowledge after
the appointment of the arbitrator.
(4) If the arbitrator to whom removal has been declared does not withdraw from performing
his or her duties, the arbitration panel or the arbitrator himself or herself shall decide on
the removal within five days after receipt of the notice.
(5) If a removal of an arbitrator is accepted, a new arbitrator shall be appointed in
accordance with the procedures laid down in the agreement or the rules of procedure of
the permanent court of arbitration.
Article 21: Termination of Authority of an Arbitrator
(1) The term of office of arbitrators shall be terminated:
a) if the refusal of the arbitrator has been accepted;
b) if the arbitrator has recused himself or herself from resolving a civil legal
c) if the parties have agreed on the dismissal of the arbitrator;
d) if the arbitrator is subject to the restrictions specified in Section 15 of the
e) with his or her death;
(2) Parties may freely agree on the procedures for terminating the term of office of an
arbitrator. If the parties have not agreed thereon the provisions of these Rules of
Procedure shall apply.
Article 22: Certification of Signatures of Arbitrators
Signatures of arbitrators are certified by the stamp of the Founder.
Proceedings of and Awards by the Arbitration Court
Article 23: Legal Procedure Applicable to Resolution of Disputes
These Rules of Procedure and procedural norms provided for in the Arbitration Law as
well as provisions agreed by parties in an arbitration court agreement shall be binding on
an arbitration panel.
Article 24: Substantive Law Applicable to Disputes
An arbitration panel shall apply laws and customary transaction practices agreed by
parties to the extent it does not conflict with the provisions of Sections 19, 24 and 25 of
the Civil Law and European Parliament and European Council regulation (EC) No.
593/2008. Where parties have not agreed upon laws and customary transaction practices
applicable to their relations or the arbitration court has found it to be invalid, the
applicable law shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of the Introduction
to the Civil Law of Latvia and European Council regulation (EC) No. 593/2008.
Article 25: Resolution of a Dispute
(1) In resolving a dispute an arbitration court shall observe the principle of equal rights and
adversary procedure between parties. Each party has equal rights to express its opinion,
defend its rights and submit evidence. Documents, evidence and other information
received by the Arbitration Court is presented to the parties.
(2) The arbitration panel shall resolve a civil legal dispute in an oral procedure, if the parties
have not agreed on the type of proceedings in the arbitration agreement, but where one of
the parties, until the making of an award, requests oral proceedings
(3) Where a dispute is resolved in oral hearings to hear explanations and objections of
parties as well as to review evidence, an arbitration panel, after the final term for
submitting a response is expired or upon submitting a response, sets a place and time for
examining a case announcing the parties thereof by sending corresponding notice at least
fifteen (15) days before the set date.
(4) When any of arbitrators is replaced and a dispute is resolved in oral hearings the matter
on whether and to which extent oral hearings, where such hearings have already been
held, are to be repeated is decided by a newly established arbitration panel.
(5) If any of the parties wants minutes of an arbitration court sitting during oral hearings to
be taken, it shall submit a written request and pay remuneration for secretary services set
in these Rules of Procedure before the day of an arbitration court sitting. The minutes of
an arbitration court sitting are to be taken by the secretary chosen by the Arbitration
Court and the minutes shall be signed by all the arbitrators and the secretary within three
(3) days as from the sitting. The parties are entitled to acquaint themselves with the
minutes and to submit in writing notes and objections within five (5) days as from the
signing of the minutes.
Article 26: Arbitration Court Decisions
An arbitration panel may take a decision to postpone the resolution of a civil legal
dispute and other procedural issues, without adjudicating the subject-matter of the civil
Article 27: Suspension of Proceedings and Deferment of Dispute Resolution
(1) An arbitration panel may decide to suspend arbitration court proceedings or to defer
resolution of a dispute at the reasonable request by one of the parties or on its own
initiative. Suspension of arbitration court proceedings suspends continuity of procedural
time periods. Arbitration court proceedings are renewed by the arbitration court by a
decision on its own initiative or at the request of parties.
(2) Arbitration court proceedings may be suspended:
a) where one of the parties has died (a natural person) or has ceased to exist (a legal
person) and the legal relation allows the taking over of rights as well as the parties
have not agreed in such a case to terminate the arbitration court proceedings; an
arbitration court shall suspend the arbitration court proceedings until the assignee of
rights is determined;
b) where the resolution of the dispute is impossible before another dispute is not resolved
in civil, criminal or administrative procedure;
c) where the arbitrations court sets an expertise;
d) where parties have agreed upon that;
e) in other circumstances when the arbitration panel admits the resolution of the dispute
to be impossible.
Article 28: Termination of Arbitration Court Proceedings
(1) An arbitration panel shall take a decision to terminate arbitration proceedings if:
a) the plaintiff withdraws the claim;
b) the parties agree on a settlement;
c) the arbitration agreement has, in accordance with the procedures laid down in law or
by the agreement, ceased to be in effect;
d) the arbitration panel finds that the court of arbitration does not have jurisdiction over
the civil legal dispute;
e) a natural person who is one of the parties dies, or a legal person who is one of the
parties ceases to exist, and the disputed legal relationship does not allow for the taking
over of rights, or the parties have agreed that in such case the arbitration proceedings are
to be terminated.
(2) When parties have agreed to settle, an arbitration panel, upon the request of both parties,
may draft a judgment containing the settlement of the parties.
(3) The Chairman of the Arbitration Court may decide to terminate the proceedings for the
reasons set out in paragraph one, subparagraph a) or b) of this Article when these reasons
occur before establishing an arbitration panel.
(4) Where an arbitration court proceeding has been terminated for the reasons set out in
paragraph one, subparagraph a) or b) of this article, a repeated bringing before the
Arbitration Court or a court of a dispute between the same parties, over the same subject
and on the same basis shall not be permitted.
Article 29: Awards of an Arbitration Court
(1) All awards of an arbitration court (decisions and judgments) are binding on both parties.
An award of a court of arbitration shall come into effect on the day it is made and may
not be appealed. The award of the Arbitration Court is to be executed voluntarily within
the term set by the award which shall not be shorter than ten (10) days.
(2) If a judgement of a court of arbitration is to be fulfilled in Latvia but is not being
complied with voluntarily, the interested party is entitled, in accordance with the
procedures laid down in the Civil Procedure Law, to file an application with a district
(city) court for the issue of a writ of execution for compulsory enforcement of the
judgement of an arbitration court. If a judgement of a court of arbitration is to be
fulfilled outside Latvia but is not being complied with voluntarily, it shall be given for
compulsory execution according to the New York Convention on the Recognition and
Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards of 10 June 1958.
(3) All awards of an arbitration court, if there are more than one arbitrator on its panel, shall
be passed by a simple majority of votes. The chairperson of an arbitration panel may
independently decide on procedural matters, if he or she has been entrusted with this by
the parties or other arbitrators.
(4) An arbitration panel shall issue a final award (judgement) in writing and it shall be
signed by all the arbitrators. If any of the arbitrators does not sign the judgement, the
judgement of arbitration court shall specify the reason why his or her signature is
(5) Where a plaintiff withdraws a claim or requests to leave a claim unadjudicated, the
arbitration panel shall make a respective award in which the charges for arbitration court
proceedings are also set.
(6) An arbitration panel submits adopted awards to the Arbitration Court upon ending the
arbitration court proceedings.
Article 30: Judgment
(1) An arbitration panel shall issue a judgement within 14 days after the subject-matter of a
civil legal dispute is reviewed.
(2) The judgement shall specify:
a) the composition of the court of arbitration;
b) the date of rendering the judgement and the location where the arbitration proceedings
c) information regarding the parties — the given name, surname, personal identity
number, other personal identification information and declared place of residence, or
other address which can be used for correspondence of a natural person, or the name,
registration number, other personal identification information and registered office of a
d) the subject-matter of the dispute;
e) reasons for the judgement, unless otherwise agreed by the parties;
f) the conclusion regarding complete or partial satisfaction of the claim, or the complete
or partial dismissal thereof, and the essence of the judgement;
g) the amount to be recovered, if the judgement is rendered regarding recovery of
monetary amounts, indicating separately the principal debt and the interest, the time
period for which the interest has been adjudged, the rights of the plaintiff regarding
receipt of interest for the time period prior to the execution of the judgement, including
also a reference to the extent thereof;
h) the specific property and the value thereof, which is to be recovered in the event that
the property does not exist, if the judgement is rendered regarding recovery of property
i) what actions, by whom, and within what time period are to be fulfilled, if the
judgement imposes a duty to fulfil certain actions;
j) what part of the judgement refers to each plaintiff, if the judgement is made for the
benefit of more than one plaintiff, or what part of the judgement is to be fulfilled by each
defendant, if the judgement is made against more than one defendant;
k) the expenses of arbitration proceedings and the distribution of such expenses among
l) the expenses of legal assistance in the matter of the parties, if any, and the distribution
of such expenses among the parties;
m) other information, which the arbitration panel considers necessary.
(3) An arbitration court judgment shall be sent to the parties within three working days from
the day of making thereof.
Article 31: Correction and Interpretation of an Arbitration Court Judgment and a
(1) An arbitration panel is entitled, on its own initiative or upon request of a party, to correct
any clerical or mathematical calculation errors in a judgement. Such errors may be
corrected without the participation of parties.
(2) Unless otherwise agreed upon by the parties, a party may, by informing the other party
thereof, within 30 days after the date when a true copy of the judgement is sent or
received, if delivered personally, request the arbitration panel to explain the judgement,
without amending its contents. An explanation of a judgement shall become an integral
part of the judgement from the moment of adoption thereof.
(3) Unless otherwise agreed upon by the parties, a party may, by informing the other party
thereof, within 30 days after the date when a true copy of the judgement is sent or
received, if delivered personally, request the arbitration panel to make a supplementary
judgement, if any of the claims, for which evidence has been submitted, and for which
the parties have provided explanations, has not been adjudged. If an arbitration panel
finds the request substantiated, it shall make a supplementary judgement.
(4) The arbitration panel shall notify the parties of the court of arbitration sitting, in which
the issue regarding correction or explanation of the judgement, or making of a
supplementary judgement is to be decided, not later than 15 days in advance. If the
operative part of the judgement may change as a result of correcting the judgement, but
the essence of the judgement remains unchanged, the arbitration panel shall invite the
parties to express their opinions. The failure of parties to attend is not an impediment to
the correction or explanation of the judgement or making of a supplementary judgement.
Article 32: Preserving Documents of Proceedings
The Arbitration Court shall store the court of arbitration documents for 10 years after
completion of the arbitration proceedings in accordance with the procedures laid down in
the laws and regulations regarding storage of archival documents.
Article 33: Costs of Arbitration Court Proceedings
(1) Costs of arbitration court proceedings consist of arbitration court charges and arbitrator
fees as well as other costs incurred when resolving a dispute.
(2) Costs of arbitration court proceedings are set out in Annex No.1 to these rules, which is
an integral part of these rules, while other costs incurred when resolving a dispute not
mentioned thereof shall be set by an arbitration panel.
(3) A decision on the distribution of the costs of arbitration proceedings and the procedures
for reimbursing thereof is made by the arbitration panel adhering to the principles of
justice and fairness as well as taking into account the outcome of the case, the agreement
between the parties as well as other circumstances of the case.
APPROVED by the Decision of the Executive Board of the
Association for Legal Awareness on 29 May 2015